Yes, perception is subject to four defects:

  • Misperception: mistaking one thing for another, e.g. a rope for a snake
  • Inattentiveness: being unaware of something when it happens, e.g. not hearing a bird singing while at work
  • Deceitfulness: the tendency to cheat others, e.g. withholding information known to be relevant or showing someone anything other than what is known to be true
  • Limitedness: the limited capacity of the senses, e.g. inability to identify an object at a long distance